Research Articles

There are many resources on creativity, innovation, and creative problem solving available from a variety of sources. We have compiled a selection of articles and chapters in this section of our website. You will find these as downloadable files when you click on any of the Download this article links. You may download any of these for your personal use (if you wish to make copies or distribute them more broadly, you need to contact the publishers for permission to do so). You will also find a catalog for purchasing other resources in our products section. We hope you find this information useful.

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Featured articles

Readings and Resources on Climate for Creativity: An Annotated Bibliography

The focus of this selected bibliography is on the concept of organizational climate for creativity and change with particular emphasis on the CCQ and SOQ.

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The Climate for Creativity and Innovation: And its Relationship to Empowerment, Consumer Insight, and Ambiguity

One of the most important issues that leaders must address is creating the right working environment for stimulating and sustaining creativity. This Technical Report provides insights into how a climate for change, innovation and creativity relates to...

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Creating More Innovative Workplaces: Linking Problem-Solving Style and Organizational Climate

Innovation and creativity as its prerequisite, are high priorities on the strategic agenda for those who lead, manage, and work in organizations. Meeting the innovation challenge requires taking a systemic approach – focusing on the people involved, the methods they are applying, the environment within which they are working, as well as the desired innovative results...

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Global Climate Survey - Technical Report

The Creativity Research Unit of CPSB launched a collaborative research project with Hans Akkermans during August of 2007. The aim of the project was to improve our understanding of the role leadership plays in creating a climate for innovation. We have been conducting research on the climate for innovation, creativity, and change for the past...

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Research Article topics

 

Learning and Applying Creative Problem Solving

A Compendium of Evidence for Creative Problem Solving

Creative Problem Solving version 6.1™ is a contemporary framework for managing change and meeting the innovation challenge.

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Celebrating 50 years of Reflective Practice: Versions of Creative Problem Solving

Over the course of the past fifty years, many researchers and developers have presented a variety of different models of, or approaches to, creative problem solving. Work on these presentations has taken place in many different...

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On The Conceptual Foundations of Creative Problem Solving: A Response to Magyari-Beck

In the June, 1994 issue of this journal, Professor Magyari-Beck provided a critical review of creativity studies. This review was based on a general perspective that cultural paradigms have an influence on both the development...

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CPS: Linking Creativity and Problem Solving

Cognitive science has been defined as a contemporary field that tries to answer questions about the nature of knowledge, its development and deployment (Gardner, 1985). Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary inquiry...

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An Inquiry into Cross-Cultural Creativity Training: Results from a Five-Week Study Tour in Bergen and Bratislava

The purpose of this paper is to summarize the rationale, methodology, implications and outcomes from a five-week European study tour designed to identify similarities and differences relevant to creative problem-solving...

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Curriculum Planning for Creative Thinking and Problem Solving

This article reports results of a survey of 150 curriculum planners about their knowledge, attitudes and behavior with respect to the deliberate development of creative thinking and problem solving skills. Based on the findings...

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Transforming Dreams Into Reality: The Power of Creative Problem Solving

By far, the most satisfying experiences I have had included the transformation of dreams into reality.  Whether it was obtaining a college degree, improving our instructional unit in social studies, or committing to a life long...

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FAacilitating Creative Problem-Solving Groups

If you were asked to name the inventors of the telephone, airplane or lightbulb, you would probably experience little difficulty in recalling the names of Bell, the Wright brothers or Edison. In contrast, many people experience...

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Toward a Model for the Facilitation of Creative Problem Solving

As the need for people skilled in creative thinking and problem solving increases, so does the demand for leaders whose specialty is releasing the creative potential in people.  These leaders might be teachers, trainers...

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Theoretical Perspectives on Creative Learning and Its Facilitation: An Overview

Many psychologists and philosophers have advanced “theories” of creativity. These theories vary widely in their scope and methods and we believe that today, none of them could be considered as providing comprehensive...

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The Creative Studies Project

This article capsulizes my 30 years of continuos research into the deliberate development of creative ability...

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Creative Problem Solving: The History, Development, and Implications for Gifted Education and Talent Development

This article presents a summary of research, development, and applications of Creative Problem Solving...

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Human Factors for Innovative Problem Solving

Management is increasingly concerned with responding to changing conditions and achieving higher levels of...

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A Re-Examination of Brainstroming Research: Implications for Research to Practice

Brainstorming may be the best known tool for group idea generation and is widely taught in gifted and talent...

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A Technical Report of the relationships between an Assessment of Problem Solving Style and Creative Problem Solving

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between VIEW: An Assessment of Problem Solving Style and the preference for learning and using of the specific tools, guidelines, stages, and components of creative...

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Mode of Symbolic Representation and Cognitive Style

The relationship between imagery and creativity was examined using a prediction from the theories of symbolic...

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Teaching for Creativity

It is difficult, if not impossible, for me to present an unbiased account of the status of knowledge about...

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Understanding Styles of Problem Solving

Creative Leadership: Does Popular Perception Favor the Innovative?

Abstract: Creative leadership incorporates the full spectrum of change and cognitive style, from innovative/exploratory to adaptive/developmental. Leadership literature and measures tend to describe...

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Toward an Improved Understanding of Creativity within People: The Level-Style Distinction

The purpose of this chapter is to lay out the creativity level-style distinction and to identify some of the productive implications of such a new dimension for creativity research and practice. The distinction...

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The Development of VIEW: A New Tool for Assessing Problem Solving Style

VIEW (Selby, Treffinger, & Isaksen, 2002) is a new instrument for assessing problem solving style, for use with individuals from ages 11 through adult. We describe the theoretical and research foundations for the instrument...

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Testing the “Glass Ceiling” Effect on Gender Differences in Upper Level Management: The Case of Innovator Orientation

The issue of the “glass ceiling” effect on gender differences in upper level management was addressed. Three different explanations of the gender difference in participating at upper level management were tested, and...

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Adaption-innovation and the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking: The level-style issue revisited

Kirton has asserted that his measure of creative style, Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory, is discrete or orthogonal to level measures of creativity. This study used a well-established creative level measure, the Torrance Tests of...

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The Progress and Potential of the Creativity Level-Style Distinction: Implications for Research and Practice

The creativity level-style distinction is a fairly recent development within the domain of creativity research. As such, some researchers find it provocative and interesting. Others find it controversial, confusing or confounding...

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An Examination of the Relationship Between Personality Type and Cognitive Style

This study investigated the relationship between psychological type, as measured by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI®), and cognitive style as measured by the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI)....

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Creativity Training and the Stability and Internal Consistency of the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory

Summary – In his 1986 analytic review of the first ten years of research on adaption-innovation theory, Mudd commented on the importance of continued research on the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory. Suggestions pertinent to the present study....

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The Gregorc Style Delineator: Internal Consistency and its Relationship to Kirton’s Adaptive-Innovative Distinction

The primary purpose of the studies was to examine the relationship between the Gregorc Style Delineator and Kirton’s adaptive-innovative distinction. The structure and internal consistency of the Style Delineator....

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Use of the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory with Middle School Students

The realities of our changing world require todays learner to become skilled in group and independent endeavors ....

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Creating a Climate for Innovation

Adaptors and innovators: Different perceptions of the psychological climate for creativity

The purpose of this paper is to share some preliminary findings of research into the relationship of two distinct, yet complementary assessment approaches. One of these approaches is the assessment of creative style...

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Perceptions of the Best and Worst Climates for Creativity: Preliminary Validation Evidence for the Situational Outlook Questionnaire

This article reports the results of two studies conducted to examine the ability of the Situational Outlook Questionnaire (SOQ) to effectively discern climates that either encourage or discourage creativity and the ability...

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Situational Outlook Questionnaire: A Measure of the Climate for Creativity and Change

The foundations of a multidimensional measure designed to assess creativity and change are presented. The reliability and construct validity of the Situational Outlook Questionnaire were tested using a sample of 1111 subjects...

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The Climate for Transformation: Lessons for Leaders

The purpose of this article is to outline the important of considering the context within the general system of change. Since context includes a number of key areas, the next section will differentiate culture and climate as two key concepts...

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The Relationship Between Cognitive Style and Individual Psychological Climate: Reflections on a Previous Study

Isaksen and Kaufmann (1990) conducted an exploratory study into the relationship between cognitive style and individual perceptions of creative climate. Clapp and Kirton (1994) raised questions regarding the theoretical constructs and methodology used in this study...

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Convergent Validity of the Situational Outlook Questionnaire: Discriminating Levels of Perceived Support for Creativity:

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between an individual’s perceptions of the degree of support for their personal creativity and the climate for creativity and change where they work. The study utilized a modified version...

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The Climate for Creativity and Change in Teams

This article reports the results of a study conducted to examine the ability of the Situational Outlook Questionnaire (SOQ) to effectively discern climates that either encourage or discourage creativity and the ability to initiate change in a team setting...

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The Situational Outlook Questionnaire: Assessing the Context for Change

Organizations, and the leaders and teams within them, face ever increasing challenges to change to compete and deal with escalating complexity...

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Promoting Creativity Research

An Ecological Approach to Creativity Research: Profiling for Creative Problem Solving

Creativity is not a term that simply describes a category or kind of person. Rather, creativity has been viewed by many as a multi-faceted phenomenon which results in the production of new and useful ideas. Creative performance, therefore, can be viewed...

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Educational Implications of Creativity Research: An Updated Rationale for Creative Learning

Creativity is a subject with a wide variety of implications for educational practices. This paper will present some historical background relating to the educational contexts of creativity as well as a description of the multi-faceted...

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Innovative Problem Solving in Groups: New Methods and Research Opportunities

Despite many difficult obstacles, creativity and innovation are becoming important concepts for individuals, groups and organizations (Charnes & Cooper, 1984; Isaksen, 1987; and Kuhn, 1985). The actual study of creativity, from a psychological perspective...

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The Outlook for the Study of Creativity: An Emerging Discipline?

The increasing levels of competition for shrinking global resources (and for methods which increase the productive outcomes from these resources), combined with larger amounts of complexity and change, foster the importance of the emerging line...

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A Proposed Model for the Formulation of Creativity Research

The purpose of this article is to share a preliminary approach to the planning of future creativity research. The developers of the Research Planning Matrix (RPM)1 represent diverse organizations and centers for the study of creativity...

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Creativity Research: Past, Present, Future

I discuss the topic of creativity with considerable hesitation, for it represents an area in which psychologists...

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Some Critical Issues for Further Creativity Research

As we have seen the empirical research has shed some light on each of the major facets of creativity-the creative...

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